For Authors


General Standards
The authors of the “Journal of Comparative Studies” should follow the good practices of ethics and research integrity. The research must be conducted in line with the best practices and codes of conduct of relevant professional bodies and national and international regulatory bodies. The authors should present an accurate account of the work performed and an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented in the paper clearly. An article should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.  

Originality and Acknowledgement of Sources
The authors should ensure they have written entirely original works. All articles submitted to the “Journal of Comparative Studies” are automatically screened for plagiarism. If they have used other scholars’ publications, ideas and words, they should ensure that they have been appropriately cited or quoted and that permission has been obtained where necessary. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical behaviour and is unacceptable.

All those who have made substantial contributions to the research should be listed as co-authors. In addition, if others participated in certain aspects of conducting the study or shaping the paper (e.g. language editing or translation), they should be recognised in the acknowledgements section. The authors are expected to consider the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. All co-authors take collective responsibility for the work and are responsible for the accuracy and integrity of any part of the work.

The “Journal of Comparative Studies” publishes theory-driven, methodologically sophisticated and empirical research papers in English that have undergone a double-blind peer-review process. To increase the chances of publication and move through peer review, production and publication smoothly, check the following criteria:

  • Does the paper fit the stated scope of the journal?
  • Is the paper an original comparative study (not a compilation of formerly known publications)?
  • Does the paper contain sufficient new findings?
  • Does the paper’s title match its content?
  • Are the keywords and the abstract sufficiently informative?
  • Is the aim in the abstract and the introduction specified?
  • Does the content of the paper justify its length?
  • Is the research rigorous as to methodology and conceptualisation?
  • Is the paper well-organised?
  • Does the paper have conclusions that logically stem from the content?
  • Is the bibliography sufficient and up-to-date?
  • Is the paper written in good academic English?
  • Is the paper formatted according to the requirements in the template?

Two files of the manuscript should be submitted as Microsoft Word documents using a PAPER TEMPLATE and sent electronically to the editor-in-chief Ilze Kačāne (ilze.kacane@du.lv):
1) paper with author(s) details (doc. title: SURNAME_NAME_FULL), 2) anonymised file for peer review (any information leading to the author(s) must be removed) (doc. title: Short_Paper_Title_ANONYM). The manuscript should be submitted together with the signed AUTHOR(S) GUARANTEE FORM. To help convey the importance of the research, add a cover letter addressed to the editors.

Instructions for Authors
The paper not exceeding 10,000 words should be an original study in English that is “spell checked” and “grammar checked”. American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these.

Page 0 (see a formatted paper template)
The title should be concise, specific and informative. Avoid abbreviations and acronyms.


3) Author affiliation and contact information
Indicate again 1) the given name(s) and 2) the family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelt; indicate both a scientific degree (e.g. Dr. philol.) and a position (e.g. professor) immediately after the second mention of the first name and surname. Include the author’s affiliation (where the actual research work was done) following such order: Centre/Department, Institute/Faculty, University, Country. Be sure to add the e-mail address and ORCID iD. Ensure that the correct e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date.

4) Short author’s biography
Short author’s biography not exceeding 300 words must be written in the third person using Present Simple, Past Simple or Present Perfect tense accordingly. It must begin with 1) a scientific degree followed by 2) the given name(s) and the family name and present the relevant current information (e.g. Dr. philol. Jānis Ozols is a senior researcher of the Centre of Cultural Research at Daugavpils University Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences, Latvia.). Include only relevant academic information and most significant achievements, avoiding personal information (e.g. non-academic activities) or subjective evaluation.

Page 1
An abstract, the same as a title, plays a vital role in the communication of the research. Without proper identification, papers may not be found and cited. The abstract should not exceed 350 words in English. It should briefly summarise the content, state the purpose and significance of the research, methods, the principal results and major conclusions. The abstract is often presented separately from the article; it must be able to stand alone. In-text citations and non-standard or uncommon abbreviations, symbols, footnotes/endnotes should be avoided.

2) Keywords:
Keywords are used for indexing and searching purposes. We suggest avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts. Maximum seven (7) keywords that do not replicate the words used in the title are written immediately after the abstract following the word Keywords and separated by commas.

Page 2 onwards
From the template Page 2 onwards, the paper must be organised into unnumbered sections – INTRODUCTION and other TITLED SECTIONS AND SUBSECTIONS within the body of the text, followed by CONCLUSION, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS and REFERENCES.

In the INTRODUCTION, state the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. This section should describe the aim and objectives of the research so that it may be understood and appreciated by experts from other research disciplines. A section on relevant theory should extend, not repeat, the background to the research already dealt with in the introduction; it should lay the foundation for further work. In the discussion and result sections, avoid extensive citations and provide a comparative analysis of the phenomena. The conclusions of the study should be presented in a CONCLUSION section. To facilitate compliance to funder’s requirements, state the funding source before References, e.g.:

This article is based on research that has been conducted within a framework of the international project “Cultural Heritage and Identities of Europe’s Future” (CHIEF), funded from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 770464.

All works cited and quoted in the text must be present in REFERENCES. References must be listed alphabetically and numbered. Titles of papers, books and journals in the list of references should be given in full. The use of the DOI is encouraged.

Formatting guidelines are provided in the PAPER TEMPLATE.

The references must be written only in Latin script (use the converter service <translit.cc> to convert vocabulary from the Cyrillic script to the Latin script):
Shahov, M. O. (2001). Staroobrjadcheskoe mirovozzrenie. Religiozno-filosofskie osnovy i social’naja pozicija. Moskva: RAGS.

For bibliographic references, generally, follow the format:
Last name, First Initial. (Year published). Title. City: Publisher.

e.g. Khrushchev, S., Benson, T. S., Jones, P. and Smirnov, I. (2012). Drawing the Curtain: The Cold War in Cartoons. London: Fontanka.

One author and first edition
Patterson, J. (2005). Maximum Ride. New York: Little, Brown.

One author and not the first edition
Dahl, R. (2004). Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. 6th ed. New York: Knopf.

Books with two or more authors
Vermaat, M., Sebok, S., Freund, S., Campbell, J. and Frydenberg, M. (2014). Discovering Computers. Boston: Cengage Learning.

Book chapters
Cars, M. B. and Österman C. (2014). “Mind the Gap! Maritime Education for Gender-Equal Career Advancement.” In: Kitada, M., Williams, E. and Froholt, L. (eds.) Maritime Women: Global Leadership. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 143–153.

With original date
Beauvoir, S. de. (1949) 1993. The Second Sex. Trans. H. M. Parshley. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Journal articles
Church, T. A. and Katigbak, M. S. (2000). “Trait Psychology in the Philippines.” American Behavioral Scientist 44 (1), 73–94.

Rolin, K. H. (1996). Gender, Emotions, and Epistemic Values in High-Energy Physics: A Feminist Challenge for Scientific Methodology. PhD dissertation. University of Minnesota.

Children of the Crocodile. (2001). Dir. M. Emerman. New York: Women Make Movies.

Internet sources
Savage, J. (2011). “Re-creating Mankind: The Philosophy and Actualization of the ‘New Soviet Man’.” In: The Eagle Feather. Available at: <https://eaglefeather.honors.unt.edu/2011/article/36#> (accessed September 2020).

In-text citations
In-text citations contain a fragment of the full citation. The author’s last name and the year of publication should be enclosed in parentheses, e.g. (Collins 2005). The specific page is inserted when directly quoting a source, e.g. (Collins 2005, 88); for dual authorship (Auerbach and Castronovo 2013, 2); for three and more authors (Smith et al. 2001); for two works by the same author in a single year (Lugones 1990a, 1990b); for two or more works by different authors (Rai 2000; Stimpson 2000; Brennan 2004), e.g.:

The role of political caricatures, defined as “a key form of visual propaganda”, has remained understudied within Soviet visual culture (Norris 2020, 520).

Tables and figures
Tables and figures must also be prepared on separate pages and submitted in original size and highresolution (at least 300 dpi) in TIFF or JPG format. Their approximate position should be indicated in the paper. They should be numbered consecutively by Arabic numerals and titled.  The primary source of the table/figure and permission for its usage must be included in the paper. The author is requested to supply professionally drawn copies suitable for printing.

Titles of books, plays, journals, newspapers, films, plays (initial capital for each major word should be used), and quotations within the text are written in double curly quotation marks. Single curly quotation marks are used only for quotes within quotes.
An ellipsis within the continuous text should be indicated by […].
Dates and page numbers are separated by en dashes:1949–1985; 296–301.
Dates are written the following: January 2, 2017.
All numbers greater than ten (10) should be expressed in numerical form rather than in words. Numbers that begin a sentence are spelt out (Forty per cent).
Per cent is written as %, but it is spelt out at the beginning of a sentence.
Numbers of centuries are spelt out (twentieth century).
Italics in the article text is used only for culture-specific non-English words.
All non-English words in the body of the text or book titles and article titles should be accompanied by a translation in square brackets.
English spelling is recommended for foreign geographical names.
Footnotes are not encouraged; Notes (e.g. [1] [2]) are acceptable.

Proofs and Notification of Fundamental Errors
The typical review process takes about 60 days. If the paper is accepted for publishing “with corrections”, the author will receive reviews with recommendations. After resubmitting the article, a set of proofs for correcting errors will be sent to the author. No changes may be made in the text after final proofreading.
If a significant error or inaccuracy after the work has been published is discovered, the author is obliged to correct it, including providing evidence to the editor where requested.